All tea comes from the plant, Camellia sinensis; however, there are literally thousands of varieties of tea, usually varying by where it is grown, what time of the year it is harvested, and how it is processed.
Teas are popular all over the world for its calming effects and nutritious qualities. And because the different varieties vary greatly, each type of tea has its own aroma, taste, and essence.
White tea is considered the purest of all the types of tea. This is because it is the least processed, and therefore has a very light and airy taste and texture. It has low caffeine content, and considered a safe alternative to caffeinated drinks for children and pregnant women. White tea contains antioxidants that keep skin and complexion clear from blemishes.
Perhaps the most popular type of tea, green tea is the drink of choice Asia. Green teas are sometimes infused with flavorings and other herbs, but pure green tea has its own deep flavor. Like white teas, green teas are full of healthy antioxidants that help with heart health, lowering cholesterol, and skin and bone health. Green tea has also been found to level out blood sugar in the body, so it is great for diabetics and those at risk for diabetes.
Oolong tea is stronger that a green tea. It has a deep full-bodied flavor and a sweet aroma that will fill the room and calm the senses. Oolong teas are popular in Chinese culture and are traditional served in Chinese restaurants. Oolong teas have more caffeine than other teas, but still only about 1/5 of the amount found in the same size serving of coffee.
The most common type of tea is black tea. In all likelihood, everyone has had a cup of black tea, it is probably the kind used in tea bags that most people are familiar with. Black tea is fully fermented, giving it a full-bodied flavor as well as contributing to the higher caffeine content (it has about 20 percent of the caffeine found in a cup of coffee). Black tea is used to maintain healthy cholesterol levels that are already within the recommended range. It also helps improve cardiovascular function when drank regularly over a lifetime.
Herbal teas are actually misnomer. The plants that herbal tea is made from do not come from the camellia plant family, and therefore is not actually a tea leaf. Instead, herbal tea is a brew of different types of herbs, flowers, or fruits — made in the style of traditional tea. There are three basic categories of herbal teas: rooibos, mate, and herbal infusion. Herbal tea usually contains no caffeine and offers a high about of vitamin C.
Tea is a delicious way of keeping the body both hydrated and healthy. No matter which type of tea you choose, the health benefits from regular consumption could help prevent disease, improve the immune system, and potentially prolong your life.